Diabetes wound healing
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the severe chronic diseases that develop as a result of impaired carbohydrate and fat metabolism. It has been proven that, if improperly controlled, diabetes mellitus can lead to specific complications, one of the main causes of which is an increase in blood glucose levels.
To imagine what happens in the blood vessels of a person with diabetes mellitus, it is enough to compare a clean, fast-flowing mountain river, which washes away all the dirt on its way, with a muddy and slow river. With increased sugar in the blood, it becomes thicker and begins to transport oxygen and nutrients much slower, which the cells need so much. An excess amount of sugar “permeates” the vessel wall, as a result of which it becomes less elastic, impermeable to nutrients, and easily injured. This, in turn, causes the appearance of minor hemorrhages. At the site of such microtraumas, scars appear – proliferation of connective tissue that worsen the function of organs. The nerve sheaths undergo the same saccharification, which leads to the loss of their function. Such lesions occur in all organs, and the lower limbs are no exception. As a result of damage to nerves and blood vessels, the sensitivity of the legs is significantly reduced, the patient ceases to notice minor wounds, injuries, abrasions, which very quickly become infected and increase in size. Infected ulcer defects cause an increase in blood glucose, as a result of which wound healing in diabetes mellitus is much slower. This situation is very dangerous, as it can lead to the appearance of trophic ulcers and even gangrene of the lower extremities. Therefore, it is important that the treatment of wounds in diabetes is carried out exclusively by specialists in accordance with the rules that have been developed in the offices of “Diabetic Foot”.
The patient can provide first aid for minor injuries to the skin of the foot (cuts, cracks on the legs, abrasions, scratches) – they must be treated with colorless antiseptic solutions (Dioxidin 1%, Miramistin ).
In the event of a wound or an infected defect, the affected leg must be immobilized as much as possible so that pressure is not applied to the wound when walking or supporting.
Each patient with diabetes must have the following medicines in the individual first-aid kit:
- water antiseptic,
- sterile bandage,
- foot cream ( Dialine Active, Diaultraderm ),
- special dressings.
And, of course, every patient with diabetes should have a blood glucose meter to constantly monitor blood glucose, which will help prevent complications of diabetes mellitus. The most worthy models of glucometers , presented on the market of medical equipment include: Glucose Clover Check, glucometers UanTachSelektSimpl , klyukometry Ai check and so on.
An indispensable helper in foot care, as well as in the prevention and treatment of wounds in diabetes are special socks DIALINE STEP, designed for people suffering from this disease. They are made from natural high quality cotton to provide a foot-friendly environment. The surface of these socks is treated with silver nanoparticles, which helps to prevent the spread of bacteria. And the soft ketel seam on the front side of these socks avoids trauma to the skin of the feet.
We would like to remind that specialists on the issue of ” wound treatment in diabetes mellitus ” accept patients with such a diagnosis only in the offices of “Diabetic foot”. You should not turn to ordinary surgeons with such a problem, since very often the methods of treating ordinary wounds are fundamentally different from the treatment of lesions of the lower extremities.