Symptoms, Diet, Treatment of Type 3 Diabetes
Type 3 diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas. A lack of glucose in the blood leads to diseases of the nervous system. Alzheimer’s disease is an example of a serious complication. Symptoms, diet and treatment for type 3 diabetes should be known to every diabetic. The third type combines both previous types of the disease, being considered the most dangerous of all.
In 1975, scientists managed to divide diabetes into 2 types, which prevail in medical practice to this day. But even then, a scientist with the surname Bluger studied individual cases of symptoms that do not belong to any of the forms. The fact remained ignored, although type 3 is difficult to treat and seriously threatens a person’s life. At the beginning of the 21st century, there was no information on this topic. Only by 2005, medical scientists managed to establish that the cause of the formation of the disease is a lack of insulin in the human brain. Plaques form inside the organ, leading to loss of reason and reason. The disease is associated with malfunctions of the endocrine system, therefore, first of all, patients need to turn to endocrinologists for help.
The third type of diabetes mellitus constantly combines combinations of symptoms. Attending physicians fail to develop a universal method of treatment, so the therapeutic process becomes lengthy. No specific plans have yet been developed to heal patients.
The reasons provoking the formation of 3 types of ailment:
- Overweight patient;
- Diseases of a viral nature;
- Stomach ulcer or erosion;
- Inflammation of the intestinal mucosa.
The risk group includes people suffering from frequent stress, daily overwork. Heredity is also a cause that can lead to diabetes.
Disputes and problems
Some representatives of the scientific world deny the existence of 3 types of the disease, but recent studies have confirmed the high incidence among patients around the world. The first thing the researchers stated was the problem of misdiagnosis. The third type is complicated by a combination of symptoms 1 and 2, which makes diagnosis difficult. The consequence is improperly designed treatment plans that do not affect human health. Another difficulty is the latent course of the disease. It has been forming for decades without making itself felt. Symptoms of early forms are ignored by the patient, perceived as an individual norm. Complications caused by neglect of one’s own health lead to irreparable consequences, which cannot be cured at the moment. Therapies are aimed at maintaining the current state of health.
Studying symptoms is an important part of self-monitoring your health. People with diabetes need to know every signal of an emerging disease. A responsible attitude to one’s own well-being will help to identify the problem in time, take control of it, and maintain it throughout life.
The symptoms of type 3 diabetes vary from case to case. If the patient complains more about the signs of the disease of 1 form, then the ailment is more difficult, it does not respond well to therapeutic procedures. Symptoms do not appear immediately, but after a while. The manifestation begins with minor signals from the body:
- Incessant thirst with severe dry mouth;
- Long-term healing of small and large skin wounds;
- Frequent urge to urinate with an increase in daily urine volume;
- Increase or decrease in total body weight;
- Feeling of weakness in the muscles of the limbs;
- Dryness and itching of the skin.
A combination or a single manifestation of the above symptoms is a signal for an early visit to the doctor. The doctor assigns directions for a glycemic blood test. Determining the level of sugar in the blood will help to identify the disease at an early stage in order to prevent it from becoming severe. Mild symptoms:
- Being in a state of depression, apathy, difficulty in thinking processes;
- Forgetfulness, inability to learn familiar things;
- Disorientation in space;
- An incessant sense of anxiety.
Late stage symptoms:
- Impossibility of adequate thinking;
- Delusional speech and thoughts;
- Cramps in the limbs;
- Difficulty in physical activity (up to the inability to move).
There are a number of other symptoms that accompany type 3 diabetes:
- Frequent headaches, tingling in the heart area;
- Decreased sensitivity of the soft integuments of the body;
- Enlargement of the liver in size;
- Deterioration in visual acuity indicators;
- Jumps in blood pressure to a critical point;
- The manifestation of swelling of the limbs and face.
Treatment of type 3 diabetes mellitus is aimed at containing the disease and maintaining a stable level of glucose in the patient’s blood. It is impossible to completely cure the ailment (as in the case of types 1 and 2). The medication plan is to slow the progression of the patient’s existing symptoms. They not only worsen the quality of human life, but also endanger it, lead to the most dire consequences.
Diet is the patient’s primary therapy. It is aimed at limiting carbohydrate intake in food, as well as eliminating the use of iodine-containing foods in the daily diet. Diet meals have been shown to be effective in diabetes forms 1 and 2 inclusive.
Features of the diet
Reducing the patient’s body weight is an important part of treatment. Consuming large quantities of vegetables will help reduce calories, normalize digestion, and speed up metabolism. The daily allowance for women is 500-800 g, for men – 600-1000 g. The diet includes unsaturated fats found in nuts, avocados, tuna and mackerel. Cooking does not take a long time, the taste is excellent, and the benefits for the body are invaluable. Unsaturated fats are the first remedy to reduce the risk of complications with the human cardiovascular system. It is recommended to form the diet under the supervision of the attending physician. Individual intolerance to products, personal preferences of a person – all this is taken into account for the best effect of therapeutic nutrition. The type 3 diabetes diet is based on type 1 and type 2 diets, depending on the patient’s predominant symptoms.
The problem with type 3 diabetes mellitus is its insufficient knowledge. The lack of scientific information negatively affects the prevalence of the disease around the world. The only effective therapy is to maintain health with small doses of insulin in conjunction with medication. The treatment plan is drawn up for the patient individually. The complex of symptoms varies from case to case, which further complicates the effectiveness of therapeutic measures. A person suffering from an illness should be constantly monitored by the attending physician and record every change in well-being.