Diabetes – the insidious enemy of mankind
Diabetes mellitus is a serious disease associated with metabolic disorders occurring in the body. The disease is extremely dangerous with distant complications, so it is advisable to diagnose it in the early stages.
In the body of every person, in the islet cells of the pancreas, a special hormone is synthesized – insulin. He is “responsible” for the entry into our cells of the main source of energy, namely glucose. If this does not happen, and insulin is not reproduced enough, the blood sugar level rises sharply, which leads to disruption of all metabolic processes.
The main types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
Diseases of this type more often affects children, or youth. It is also called insulin-dependent, since the patient cannot do without daily insulin injections.
The main reason for this type of ailment, according to doctors, is a violation of psychological health, a severe stressful situation. The disease begins abruptly, and has a number of pronounced symptoms: lethargy, nausea and vomiting, increased thirst, often urinating to urinate, coma.
Type 2 diabetes
The body produces the right amount of the hormone insulin, but body tissues are insensitive to it. This type of ailment is called insulin-independent. It affects older people, especially those whose weight is much higher than normal. For treatment, the patient is prescribed drugs that lower the amount of sugar in the blood, and a mandatory diet.
The disease develops secretly, gradually, over time. The absence of vivid symptoms does not allow to identify the ailment in time, this more often occurs with normal blood donation.
Causes of diabetes
- Malfunctions in the body’s immune system, as a result of infectious ailments, or the presence of toxins. In the body, with autoimmune ailments, antibodies are produced that can destroy cells in which insulin synthesis occurs.
- Genetic factors.
- Eating foods that are high in carbohydrates.
- Excitement and stressful situations.
- Taking a number of drugs, for example, diuretics, lowering blood pressure, fighting tumors.
The main symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes
- The appearance of skin itching.
- Weakness, fatigue, desire to lie down.
- Exacerbated thirst.
- Abundant and frequent trips to the toilet “a little”.
- The appearance of various types of pustules on the skin and mucous membranes.
Why diabetes is dangerous – information for consideration
The most dangerous consequences that will not take long if the treatment of the disease is not started in a timely manner.
- The development of chronic renal failure.
- Ischemia of the heart.
- Complete blindness, as a result of a violation of blood circulation in the eyes.
- Changes in nerve cells, sometimes irreversible, due to circulatory disorders of the brain.
- The body accumulates harmful metabolic products. This is possible when the metabolism in the blood is impaired.
How to treat diabetes
The key to success in treating the disease is a timely diagnosis. For diabetes, this is extremely important.
The endocrinologist, on the basis of the tests, after determining the type of diabetes, prescribes individual treatment.
- Prescribing insulin injections.
- Medications that lower blood sugar, increase the sensitivity of cells to the hormone insulin, and help sugar penetrate into human cells.
- A compulsory diet, the purpose of which is to limit the ingestion of sugar, carbohydrates, fats. It is useful to include in your diet natural foods rich in fiber. With a mild form of diabetes, a well-balanced diet is quite enough.
- Mandatory intake of drugs that correct possible complications arising from this ailment.
Diabetes is just a diagnosis, not a sentence
Today, most people diagnosed with diabetes live a normal life, but in those cases, if they follow a series of simple rules.
- Fulfillment of all the recommendations of the attending physician, taking medications. Drug treatment should be combined with herbal medicine, folk remedies, alternative methods.
- Constantly monitor sugar content. This is crucial for diabetics with type 1 disease.
- To live according to a special regime, which includes “proper” nutrition, permissible physical exertion, control of one’s own weight, healthy sleep, necessary rest, and the ability to avoid any worries and stressful situations.
If the diagnosis of diabetes has been confirmed, one should not panic. Realize the inevitability of what happened to you, and begin a personal struggle for your own life. This disease is incurable, but you can live with it. Good luck