Home sugar control
Rational, competent consumption of “wholesome” food favorably affects the human body. The ability to balance nutrients in the diet helps prevent the occurrence of many diseases, including diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, peptic ulcer, cholecystitis, pancreatitis), obesity, and liver diseases. In addition, the rational consumption of substances necessary for the body will happen not only for preventive purposes, but also is often a therapeutic measure. For example, sugar control at home is necessary to adjust the diet for diabetes, and cholesterol control is needed in the treatment of hypertension and atherosclerosis.
Sugar Control Goals
Carbohydrates are a kind of energy station for body cells. And most of all they need cells of the nervous system.
Carbohydrates in the form of glucose are ingested with food. Glucose, processed in the digestive system, spreads throughout the body thanks to special substances – transporter proteins (GLUT). Despite the fact that sugar is necessary for the human body to function properly, strict control of sugar at home is necessary all the time.
Under certain adverse circumstances, glucose levels can be either increased or decreased. Such conditions are considered hazardous to human health and require immediate treatment.
The main goals of glucose control (blood sugar) are the prevention of a hyperglycemic state and the consequences that may develop as a result of hyperglycemia (high sugar level). The most dangerous consequences of this disease include ketoacidotic coma and various vascular lesions.
Another serious condition of the body is associated with low blood glucose. This is a hypoglycemic coma that usually develops in people with diabetes. The cause of such a dangerous health condition is usually an overdose of insulin preparations.
There are characteristic signs by which it can be suspected that blood sugar has increased. Among them:
– increased need for drink;
– the release of a large amount of liquid;
– itching throughout the body;
– sharp weight loss;
– causeless nausea and vomiting.
Sugar control methods
The glucometer is a special device that allows you to monitor sugar at home . Currently, patients with the first type of diabetes are provided with glucometers for free, without fail.
At the same time, insulin-dependent patients should be hospitalized periodically so that doctors can choose the right doses of insulin and sugar-lowering medications for them. In addition, such patients need to carry out sugar control at home daily , since the key to successful treatment is the constant calculation of the balance of glucose consumption and the corresponding dose of drugs prescribed for use.
The main diagnosis of a carbohydrate metabolism disorder in a clinic is:
1. Blood test and glucose determination. According to the identified indicators (the amount of glucose in the blood, as well as glycosylated hemoglobin), the severity of diabetes is judged .
2. Urinalysis. This study can also say that there is an excess of sugar in the body. Glucose and ketone bodies appear in the urine – the first signs of the development of a ketoacidotic coma.
3. Glucose tolerance test – measuring the amount of sugar before meals and 2 hours after taking 75 grams of glucose. If the indicators are more than 6.1 and 11.1 mmol / l, then this indicates the presence of hyperglycemia.
If the patient has already developed diabetes mellitus (complications of diabetes mellitus), then in his breathing a characteristic acetone smell is felt, ulcers appear on the feet, there is a loss of sensitivity of the toes, complications from the kidneys, brain, cardiovascular system.
Control of sugar levels at home or in any other conditions is very important for those who have a hereditary predisposition to diabetes and obesity, are sick with hypertension. In the early stages, a severe violation of carbohydrate metabolism can be corrected through diet and thereby prevent many negative consequences.