Increased insulin in the blood in women: what does it mean
Insulin is a hormone that is produced in the human body. It is responsible for the full functioning of many internal organs and systems, but its main task is to control sugar in the human body.
When there is a high or low level of insulin in patients, it leads to disruption of metabolic processes in the body. If you do not pay attention to such a pathological circumstance in time, then severe concomitant diseases may develop.
In a completely healthy person, the indicators of such a hormone vary from 3 to 25 units; in childhood, the upper limit is slightly below 20 units. For people of the elderly age group, the maximum permissible limit is no more than 35 units.
All the numbers that are higher than the presented indicators are a wake-up call, indicating that the well-coordinated full-fledged work of internal systems and organs has failed.
It is necessary to consider what an increased insulin in the blood means, and what sign indicates an increase? What are the reasons leading to this condition, and what needs to be done to normalize the indicator in a person?
Causes and symptoms
A person who, in the course of his life, eats a lot of sweet foods and carbohydrates, thereby increases the level of the hormone in his body. An equally compelling reason for the development of such a condition can be malnutrition.
In this regard, the diet must be organized in such a way that a person never feels hungry. To achieve this is simple, you need to eat often and in small portions up to 6 times a day. It is also recommended to eat at regular intervals.
Insulin can also rise due to heavy physical exertion. Nervous exhaustion, stressful situations also act as factors due to which an increased hormone in the human body can be observed.
Elevated insulin levels in the blood can be due to the following factors:
- Excess body weight, obesity. An increase in body weight leads to the fact that fats begin to be absorbed much more slowly, energy is saved. In turn, this condition leads to the fact that full blood circulation in the body is disrupted, renal failure is detected.
- Chromium and vitamin E deficiencies can lead to high insulin levels. That is why it is recommended to periodically take drugs that help fill the lack of vital substances.
It is worth noting that a high insulin content in the blood may indicate other pathological processes in the patient’s body – infectious liver diseases, benign adrenal tumor, neoplasms in the abdominal cavity.
In a number of situations, there is an increase in insulin in the blood in women during pregnancy. In this case, treatment is prescribed immediately, since there is a certain risk of impaired intrauterine development of the fetus.
The symptoms of an elevated blood hormone are as follows:
- Apathy, depression, and depression.
- Decreased concentration, memory problems.
With a progressive condition, chronic fatigue and rapid weight gain may develop. In addition, if insulin is elevated in the blood, and the situation is ignored by the patient, then the following symptoms of elevated insulin in the blood may be observed:
- Sleep disturbance.
- Renal failure
- Gangrene of the lower extremities.
- High fat content of the skin.
In the vast majority of cases, an increase in the level of insulin in the blood is most quickly noticed by the fairer sex. First, rapid weight gain, which is a “tragedy” regardless of age.
Secondly, changes in the skin, in particular, oily sheen and so on, which no means help to cope with.
Blood test and its rate
A blood test is necessary in order to assess the functionality of the patient’s pancreas. Any sign indicating that the hormone is lowered or increased in the human body leads to disruption of the full functioning of the organ.
It should be noted that regardless of gender, the upper limit of the hormone content is 25 units. To get accurate data, your doctor recommends taking a blood test on an empty stomach.
This is due to the fact that during a meal, the pancreas is actively functioning, as a result of which the hormone is synthesized faster, as a result, the information content of the analysis will be significantly distorted.
In medical practice, there are two types of research that help to fully recreate the clinical picture:
- Research on glucose tolerance.
- A blood test done on an empty stomach. After the last meal, at least 8 hours should pass.
At home, you can also find out your blood glucose concentration, a special device called a glucometer will help with this . It is enough to treat the finger with an antiseptic, pierce and squeeze a small amount of blood onto the test strip. In just a few seconds, you can get the most accurate results.
Patient reviews are positive for a device such as a glucometer . First, the device allows you to know your results at any time. Secondly, there is no need to waste time visiting the clinic and then waiting for your result.
What to do?
Before recommending treatment, the doctor must necessarily find the root cause that led to this condition. And already, based on the reason, drug therapy, a health-improving diet, and optimal physical activity are recommended.
So how to increase the hormone in the blood? Insulin concentration can be increased through sugar substitutes or insulin therapy. As the latter, you can use Livicin , a drug with a vasodilating effect.
To achieve an increase in the hormone in the blood, the doctor may recommend a drug such as Tsivilin , which provides enhanced restoration of pancreatic cells, as a result of which there is an accelerated production of the hormone in the human body.
It is worth noting that medications cannot be prescribed to oneself on their own, since they are recommended only after all analyzes and the study of the entire clinical picture as a whole. The only thing at home, you can enrich your diet with such foods that help to increase the level of the hormone in the blood:
- Dairy products.
- Blueberries, parsley.
- Lean pork.
If insulin in the blood is elevated, then the patient is recommended medications to help reduce its level. But drugs alone will not correct the situation; it is imperative that the treatment be supplemented with a health-improving diet and physical activity.
When insulin in the blood is high, it is recommended to adhere to the following tips:
- Exclude from the diet all foods that contain granulated sugar. Keeping track of carbohydrate intake is important, so a low-carb diet is recommended for diabetics.
- With high levels of the hormone, it is necessary to give up the use of table salt, as well as from all foods that are fortified with sodium.
- During treatment, you need to give up alcoholic beverages, but you need to consume at least two liters of ordinary liquid per day.
It should be noted that the exclusion of stressful situations is also of no small importance. Since any hormone changes its concentration during stress, as a result of which pathological disruptions in the body are observed.
Regular physical activity helps increase the body’s resistance to the hormone. In this case, the attending physician will help determine which exercises and which sport are acceptable, based on the clinical characteristics of the patient.
Ignoring high insulin levels leads to the formation of hormone resistance. In other words, the tissue cannot fully perceive insulin. Over time, the situation will only worsen, concomitant pathologies of the cardiovascular system, type 2 diabetes mellitus, Alzheimer’s disease develop.
Any pathological processes in the body require immediate drug treatment, and an increase in insulin in the blood of patients is no exception. Only a timely visit to a doctor will help to correct the situation and normalize the indicators.