Cardiovascular system for diabetes
A person with diabetes has a great chance to acquire a violation of the cardiac system. We will explain why this happens and how to resist diseases when they work together.
Features of the cardiovascular system in diabetes
- Metabolic syndrome and diabetes are one of the main risk factors for the circulatory system. The American Heart Association says nearly 3/4 patients with diabetes die from heart attacks, strokes, and other heart and vascular diseases. Half of diabetics suffer a heart attack. And 4 times more often, in comparison with people who have no problems with blood glucose, they have extensive heart attacks.
- In medicine, there are special definitions that characterize circulatory system disorders: a diabetic heart and diabetic macro- and microangiopathy. The cardiovascular system in diabetes is particularly affected. Violations develop against a background of increased blood sugar, atherosclerosis and fragility of the vascular wall. Blood pressure rises, ischemia and other complications develop, myocardial metabolism is disrupted. It causes a heart attack, and postinfarction angina forms on its background.
- Together, diseases behave insidiously. A patient with diabetes often does not feel pain and other characteristic signs of an acute disturbance of the cardiac system until he develops a heart attack. The reason is another syndrome that is accompanied by diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2 – diabetic polyneuropathy. With this violation, the pain threshold and temperature regulation decrease.
Heart for kidney disease and diabetes
- In addition to the usual risk of having one of the pathologies of the genitourinary system, patients with diabetes mellitus often suffer from diabetic nephropathy. It is characterized by high levels of protein in the urine. This complication can develop into renal failure. The heart with kidney diseases due to diabetes is especially affected.
- This complex combination of systemic lesions requires complex therapy and strict patient compliance with all the recommendations of specialists.
Prevention recommendations for some heart diseases associated with diabetes
- Patients who have a history of diabetes and cardiopathology should be very careful about their health and adhere to a healthy lifestyle.
- You should part with addictions, smoking, addiction to alcohol, etc., since they are factors in the development of complications.
- A strict diet is required with the exception of harmful products, including refined carbohydrates, animal fats and trans fats, prepared foods, smoked meats, canned foods and processed foods.
- Not only sugar, but salt should be limited.
- With some heart diseases and diabetes, it is not recommended to actively engage in fitness. In other cases, moderate locomotor activity and cardio training are indicated.