How to identify diabetes without tests
Diabetes mellitus is a common disease that affects men, women, and even small children. The symptomatology of the pathology creeps up “quietly”, therefore diabetes should be determined at an early stage.
A sweet disease can occur almost without signs, or the symptoms are not so pronounced that the patient writes off all the manifestations of the disease to other diseases. Nevertheless, there is a certain list of signs that will even allow you to diagnose the disease at home.
It should be noted that the severity of the clinical picture against the background of diabetes depends on the amount of insulin in the body, the age group of the patient, the length of the disease, the state of immunity and other factors.
How to determine diabetes at home? What symptoms in men and women indicate the development of the disease? Is it possible to determine the pathology without blood tests?
When a person is completely healthy, then after he eats, the concentration of glucose in the body rises. However, after a few hours, the sugar level in the body normalizes to the required limits.
How to identify diabetes? A sweet disease can occur without any symptoms, and can be diagnosed in a patient by accident. For example, a patient came for a routine examination to an ophthalmologist, and he not only can identify the ailment, but also establish what type of diabetes.
You can find out if you have diabetes or not by a specific clinical picture. And symptoms may exist together or separately:
- Constant desire to drink water, frequent trips to the toilet (and even at night up to 10 times).
- Dryness and peeling of the skin.
- Dryness in the mouth.
- Increased appetite, while no matter how much the patient eats, you still want to eat.
- Persistent muscle weakness.
- Cramps of the lower extremities.
- Wound surfaces do not heal for a long period of time.
- Periodic bouts of nausea and vomiting.
In addition, the patient may experience rapid weight loss. As a rule, this happens if the patient has type 1 diabetes. Conversely, rapid weight gain when a patient has type 2 diabetes.
How to identify diabetes? If you have the above symptoms – a few or more, then you need to think about your health, consult a doctor and undergo an examination.
These signs will not help determine the type of diabetes, as they are similar in both types of ailment. Therefore, two types of disease must be considered separately.
The question of whether a person has diabetes or not is a key one. Since timely diagnosis of pathology will help prevent possible complications of the disease.
First type of pathology
How to determine the type of diabetes? The clinical picture of the pathology of the first type includes most of the symptoms that characterize the disease. The difference lies in the severity of the manifestation of the disease.
A distinctive characteristic of type 1 diabetes is that there are sharp changes in the sugar content in the body (first very high, then almost instantly too low, and vice versa). And the disease progresses extremely quickly, the patient begins to feel bad, and after a couple of hours falls into a coma.
Against the background of the first type of ailment, a sharp decrease in the patient’s body weight occurs. As a rule, the patient can rapidly lose 15 kilograms in a few months. In addition, there is a sleep disturbance, in particular drowsiness.
In addition, amid a sharp decrease in weight, patients simply have an excellent appetite. Over time, the disease progresses, an anorexic state gradually develops, characterized by symptoms:
- Peculiar odor from the oral cavity.
- Nausea, vomiting.
- Pain in the abdomen.
In the vast majority of cases, the first type is diagnosed in young patients, and extremely rarely in people over 40 years of age. Typically, people over 40 years old are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and prescribed pills to lower their blood sugar.
However, the doctor may make a mistake, and at this time the disease progresses, the prescribed therapy does not help, because it is not adequate for this type of pathologists, as a result, ketoacidosis develops.
The second type of ailment
The second type of disease is most often diagnosed in patients older than 40 years. As a rule, severe symptoms are not observed. Sometimes a general blood test helps to establish an ailment.
The risk group includes people who are obese, hypertension and other types of metabolic syndromes.
Medical practice shows that with this type of ailment, a constant feeling of thirst and dry mouth are rare. Most often, patients complain of itchy sensations in the lower extremities.
Usually, it is rarely possible to diagnose the disease on time. As a rule, when it is possible to identify a sweet disease, the patient already has complications of type 2 diabetes.
It should be noted that the complexity of diagnosing type 2 diabetes is the main cause of complications that will necessarily manifest themselves in the future.
Therefore, you need to carefully monitor your health, and when observing specific symptoms, consult a doctor immediately. Especially if there are predisposition factors.
How is diabetes diagnosed? And what indications should be in the analyzes in order to say with full confidence that the patient has diabetes mellitus?
To diagnose the disease, not one study is conducted, but several. The patient needs to donate blood for glucose, a urine test for the presence of acetone, pass a sugar tolerance test, determine C-peptitis and other determining indicators.
To detect diabetes, donating blood exclusively to an empty stomach is not enough. Additionally, a sugar test is recommended several hours after a meal.
The optimal concentration of sugar in the patient’s body on an empty stomach should not exceed the upper limit of 5.5 units.
Information about other analyzes:
- In a healthy person, sugar and acetone are not observed in urine. Sugar can appear in the urine only when glucose in the body exceeds 8 units.
- Glycated hemoglobin allows you to recognize blood sugar in the body over the past three months.
- A glucose tolerance test will help you find out what is being discussed: specifically diabetes or prediabetes. For fasting blood, the sugar limit in the body is 5.5 units. For the second blood sampling, up to 7.8 units. If the indicators are 7.8-11, they indicate a lack of sugar tolerance. More than 11 units are diagnosed with pathology.
Only after a comprehensive examination, the doctor can make the right conclusion. Unfortunately, the second type of diabetes is often diagnosed when time is lost.
As for the first type, it is easier to cope with it, because it has more pronounced symptoms. And even the patient alone may suspect that his body is malfunctioning.